This document provides an overview of the structure and content of the product and process environmental factsheets available on the Bioeconomy Observatory web pages. These factsheets are divided into three groups that reflect the three pillars of the bioeconomy: (1) food & feed, (2) industrial bioproducts and (3) bioenergy. Compiled based on publicly available data/information collected from studies using life cycle assessment (LCA), they describe different bioeconomy value chains and their environmental performance.
The methodology presented hereafter is meant to provide a user friendly tool to assess the environmental sustainability of bio-based products and their supply chains, largely using a life-cycle perspective. It should be regarded as a comprehensive science-based method, able to provide quantitative understanding of a wide range of environmental aspects. In practice, its applicability may be constrained by the actual extent of
availability and/or accessibility of data and information. In turn, applying the methodology can help identifying existing gaps in data and/or information availability and/or accessibility, thus bringing useful insights to the understanding of the product-system being assessed. In the context of this project, such a methodology will be used e.g. to conduct comparative environmental assessments of bio-based products along their supply chains, i.e. from primary production of biological resources to end-of-life (EoL) processes.
On 13 February 2012, the European Commission adopted a strategy for “Innovating for Sustainable Growth: a bioeconomy for Europe” (COM(2012)60). The Communication presents a Bioeconomy Strategy and Action Plan whose goal is to emphasise the importance of the bioeconomy for Europe.
Item 6 in the Bioeconomy Action Plan foresees the establishment of a Bioeconomy Observatory as follows: “Establish a Bioeconomy Observatory in close collaboration with existing information systems that allows the Commission to regularly assess the progress and impact of the bioeconomy and develop forward-looking and modelling tools.”
Indeed today there is not yet an integrated monitoring tool that would embrace the bioeconomy in all its dimensions and would be able to analyse the complex relationships across the various bioeconomy sectors (as well as with the “non-bioeconomy” sectors). The design of such a monitoring tool should allow addressing the whole bioeconomy across its sectors, their functioning, their interaction as well as the dynamics of their development.
The present proposal aims to create such a monitoring tool through the set up of the Bioeconomy Observatory mentioned in the Bioeconomy Action Plan (observatory described in the text below as the Bioeconomy Information System and Observatory: BISO). This Information System will bring together and align data, indicators, modelling and forward-looking tools to regularly assess the progress and impact of the bioeconomy.
The mission of the Bioeconomy Observatory will be to function as an integrated information source on the bioeconomy, providing a solid decision-making basis for policy development.
The Bioeconomy Observatory will provide regular data and analysis for policy makers and stakeholders to monitor the development of the bioeconomy in order to support the implementation of the bioeconomy Strategy.
Grant Agreement ID341300
DurationFrom: 2013-03-01To: 2016-02-29
Overall Budget1 641 080,80 €
CoordinatorJRC -JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE- EUROPEAN COMMISSION